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Designing the Future of Charter Schooling

Advance Readings

Plenary Presentation to the Education Commission of the States,
Clayton Christensen

Clayton Christensen is the Robert and Jane Cizik Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School. He has written extensively on the role of "disruptive change" in the private sector and how businesses do and don't cope successfully. In the last several years, he has applied these concepts to K-12 education, with particular emphasis on school districts' ability to change and improve over time. These ideas have great implications for the future of new school creation. This paper will help frame the discussion Tuesday morning as we design "Chartering 2.0."

Charter Schools and Zones of Wishful Thinking
Paul T. Hill

Paul Hill is a Professor in the University of Washington's Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs and director of the Center on Reinventing Public Education. This new paper, inspired by a concept first raised in Fixing Urban Schools, co-authored with Mary Beth Celio, investigates the assumptions that lie between charter policies and the goals they aim to achieve. This paper will frame our consideration of the "three big assumptions" of Chartering 1.0 on Monday morning.

Chartering is Succeeding, Even as Some Chartered Schools Fail,
Ted Kolderie

Ted Kolderie is a senior associate at Education|Evolving. This short piece, which originally ran in the Minnesota Journal, makes the critical distinction between charter schools and chartering, the process that brings about new schools, and argues that the two must be thought of and evaluated separately. This paper helps sets the stage for the summit's final deliberations on Tuesday morning.

Creating New Schools: Promising Strategy for Change?
Joseph P. Graba

Joe Graba is an Education Policy Fellow at Hamline University. He argues that in order to get the schools we need, we must look beyond fixing the schools we have. New school creation is the strategy most likely to result in the systemic change desired. This paper is especially germane to the discussion of "Assumption #1," that school districts will change in response to charters.

Original Intent: What Legislative History Tells Us about the Purpose of Charter Schooling
Chartering 2.0: The Next Generation of Charter Schooling
Andy Smarick

Andy Smarick is chief of staff at the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools. Original Intent reviews the preambles of charter laws to identify why legislatures created charter schooling. This paper will lead into the first discussion of the summit, "Goals: Then and Now." Chartering 2.0 analyzes the movement's growth to date, identifies areas for improvement, and offers competing visions for the future. This paper will help frame the discussion around the development of the next generation of charter schooling.

The Flexner Report and the Standardization of American Medical Education,
Andrew H. Beck

Andrew Beck of the Brown Medical School wrote this brief paper on the evolution of medical training in the United States. The move toward a more rigorous and standardized system of medical education greatly increased quality throughout the profession. However, it also led to the closing of many schools that educated minority students and a reduction in the number of physicians serving disadvantaged communities. This paper has enormous implications for our discussions about school quality and race and class in the charter movement.